Cumbungi, Typha, Bullrush, Bulrush, Cat"s-tail, Cattail, Cumbundi, Maranda, Miranda, Narrow-leaved Bulrush, Narrow-leaved Cumbungi, Narrow-leaved Bulrush., Narrowleaf Cumbungi, Reed-mace, Reedmace.
Typha domingensis, Typha orientalis.
Presence in Australia
Widespread and common throughout region.
This specie has been identified in the following Australian states: Qld, NSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, SA, NT, WA.
Streams, swamps, lakes and local water-filled depressions, in fresh or slightly brackish water to 2m deep.
Erect robust semi-aquatic perennial.
Salt tolerant. In shallow creeks, dense stands slow water movement and cause flooding of surrounding land during high flows.
Vigorous, particularly during summer. A major weed of irrigation channels west of the guide area.
Seed is dispersed by wind and water. One seed spike can contain around 200,000 seeds, with a high percentage viable.
From seed or by division.
Useful to extract pollutants from waste or drainage water. Reduces evaporation from swamps or shallow lakes as plants shelter the water surface from wind.
Excellent habitat for waterfowl and frogs.
To reduce the size of cumbungi stands, cut plants below the waterline in autumn.