Long-leaf Box, Bundy, Apple, Long Leaved Box, Long-leaved Box, Olive-barked Box, Mountain Graygum, Mountain Grey Gum, Olive Barked Box.
Eucalyptus goniocalyx, Eucalyptus elaeophora.
Goniocalyx, from Greek gonia, angle or corner, and calyx, sepals collectively, referring to bud shape.
Up to 15m.
Presence in Australia
In most of the region except in the far west and north-west.
This specie has been identified in the following Australian states: NSW, ACT, Vic, SA.
Open grassy or sclerophyll woodland. Dry shallow soils on sloping sites.
Trees to 15m high with fibrous flaky grey bark with whitish patches, shedding in short ribbons above. Narrow green adult leaves.
Long-leaf Box and Silver Bundy are virtually identical except that Silver Bundy has glaucous (white-waxy) buds, fruit and branchlets whereas Long-leaf Box does not. Both are distinguished from Apple Box (E. bridgesiana) by their larger fruits and buds.
Infertile soil on dry and rocky areas. Tolerates drought and moderate frost.
Moderate growth rate. Foliage high in cineole, useful in medicine.
Throughout year, particularly summer-autumn. Seeds generally retained.
From seed (±127 viable seeds per gram). 250C is optimum germination temperature.
From seed, particularly in absence of competitive exotic grasses or weeds, and during wet summers. Often regenerates on infertile sites due to lack of weed competition. Establishes very well when direct seeded.
Shade and shelter
Useful medium-level cover in windbreaks. Useful shade due to dense canopy and suitability for harsh exposed hilltops.
Useful for revegetating unproductive, rocky recharge hills.
Fair. Easily split and burns fast.
Little value. Timber yellow-grey, coarse-grained and not durable. Sapwood decays rapidly.
Excellent habitat. Foliage is koala forage. Nectar-feeding birds attracted to flowers, which are pollen-rich. Insect-eating birds such as thornbills find insects amongst foliage. White-throated Treecreepers and sittellas glean bark. Fruits and seeds eaten by native birds, particularly parrots. Hollows are nesting and refuge sites for native birds and mammals.
Juvenile foliage particularly attractive.
Leaves produce range of dyes depending on mordants used.