Miljee, Umbrella Wattle (Vic), Nelia (Qld), Umbrella Bush, Bean Bush, Boree, Cooba, Curly Yarran, Karagata, Middia, Midget Tree, Milgee, Miljea, Nelia, Nelia Tree, Ram"s Horn Tree, Umbrella Acacia, Umbrella Wattle, Whacka, Whyacka.
Oswaldii, after F. Oswald, 19th century collector for F. von Mueller.
Presence in Australia
Noted in Brookong catchment. Becomes widespread to the west of the region.
This specie has been identified in the following Australian states: Qld, NSW, ACT, Vic, SA, NT, WA.
Widespread in various habitats and vegetation communities, including open eucalypt forest or among other acacias.
Densely branched erect or spreading shrub or small tree, 2-6m high. Finely fissured dark grey bark and angled or flattened branchlets. Sharp-tipped "leaves" and large woody twisted pods.
Distinguish from Boree (A. pendula) by "leaves". Miljee "leaves" are sharp-tipped.
Heavy to moderately-drained soil. Partial or full sun. Tolerates drought and frost.
Moderate growth rate. Lifespan beyond several decades. Often appears umbrella-shaped due to regular trimming by livestock.
Golden-yellow or pale-yellow, Oct-Dec.
Dec to late Feb. Monitor closely as seeds released immediately or within 1-2 days of maturity. Abundant seeder every few years.
From scarified seed (±6 viable seeds per gram).
From seed. Birds disperse seeds around vegetated areas.
Shade and shelter
Useful low-level cover in windbreaks.
Legume - improves soil fertility by "fixing" nitrogen.
Timber heavy, close-grained, durable and disagreeably-scented. Not commonly used, although reputedly suitable for cabinet work.
Prickly dense foliage good cover for birds.
Clubs and other weapons made from timber. Seeds ground to edible paste.
Subsistence fodder. Pods eaten by sheep.