Spreading Wattle, Early Wattle, Wild Irishman, Broom Wattle, Spreading Wattle.
Acacia genistifolia, Acacia diffusa.
Refers to likeness of foliage to some broom (Genista) species.
Presence in Australia
Mainly in areas north-east of the Olympic Highway. Noted in the areas Oberne-Tarcutta; Mates Gully; Upper Burkes; Upper Kyeamba; Livingstone; O"Briens South & McLeods; O"Briens North; Lower O"Briens & Tywong; Lake Albert; Yerong Creek-Wattle Creek; Binni; Lower Sandy; Sawyers-Forest-Four Post & Little Billabong, and Yambla.
This specie has been identified in the following Australian states: QLD, NSW, ACT, Vic, Tas, SA.
Dry sclerophyll forest on gravely and shaley soils.
Erect or spreading, much-branched spiny shrub, 1-3m high.
Well-drained soil. Dappled shade, partial or full sun. Withstands extended wet or dry periods and frost.
Adaptable and fast-growing. Very hardy.
Pale yellow to more or less white, usually Jul-Oct. Long flowering period. Pungent perfume.
Late Nov to late Dec. Monitor closely as seeds released immediately or within 1-2 days of maturity.
From seed (45-84 viable seeds per gram), or cuttings.
From scarified seed.
Shade and shelter
Useful low-level cover in windbreaks.
Coloniser of bare land. Legume, improves soil fertility by "fixing" nitrogen.
Excellent habitat. Useful refuge for small native birds due to prickliness.
Attractive ornamental, particularly when flowering (during "off" season). Useful barrier plant to direct traffic and for low maintenance areas. Often self-seeds in garden.